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Jusqu'à présent Magali Fois a créé 7 entrées de blog.

Experimental Investigation of Palm Fiber Surface Treatment Effect on Thermal, Acoustical, and Mechanical Properties of a New Bio-Composite

This work presented an experimental investigation on the use of a bio-composite as an insulating material in building. During the past few years, many projects have tried to create new composites with a high insulating properties, essentially thermal, which plays an important role in buildings energy efficiency (Chikhi et al. in Energy Build 66:267–273, 2013).

Par |2020-07-18T22:06:14+00:00juillet 18th, 2020|Communications internationales avec actes|Commentaires fermés sur Experimental Investigation of Palm Fiber Surface Treatment Effect on Thermal, Acoustical, and Mechanical Properties of a New Bio-Composite

Measurement of pore size distribution of building materials by thermal method

The present work focuses on the study of the thermophysical properties of low porous insulation materials. In peculiar, we investigate the pore structure of composite materials and cements by thermal method. This method, adapted for fragile materials, is based on an existing model which allows the determination of pore size distribution. Firstly, the existing analytical model is presented. The thermal conductivity is modeled by assimilating the studied medium to N fluid phases and one solid phase in series / parallel. Secondly, some extensions to this model are proposed. In particular, we show that in the case of a single pore size, it is possible to obtain a finer pore size distribution by means of a normal law. We also show for the first time that the normalization of the thermal conductivity is an interesting way to study the pore size distribution of a material without knowing the overall porosity rate (which strongly depends on the method used). Furthermore, this model and its extensions have been successfully applied to different kinds of materials (plant fiber composites and cements). Fibers reinforced composites have one class of pores around 30 – 60 lm. Chemical treatments do not affect this pore size. Cements show a macroporosity (around 20 lm) which is often underestimated.

Par |2020-07-16T15:43:28+00:00juillet 16th, 2020|Articles dans revues internationales à comité de lecture|Commentaires fermés sur Measurement of pore size distribution of building materials by thermal method

Etude des performances thermiques de matériaux à matrice cimentaire renforcés par des fibres de bois de palmier traitées

Ce projet vise à déterminer la faisabilité technique de l’introduction de déchets de palmier à l’état brut et après traitement chimique dans du ciment afin d’élaborer un nouvel éco-composite de construction qui soit léger, bon isolant thermique et acoustique. Dans les composites, l’augmentation de la fraction massique de fibres induit une diminution progressive de la conductivité et la diffusivité thermique et s’accompagne d’une perte des propriétés mécaniques et d’une diminution de la densité. Le dégraissage des fibres améliore les propriétés mécaniques, les composites obtenus sont moins fragiles que ceux obtenus à partir de fibres brutes.

Par |2020-07-16T12:38:43+00:00juillet 16th, 2020|Communications nationales avec actes|Commentaires fermés sur Etude des performances thermiques de matériaux à matrice cimentaire renforcés par des fibres de bois de palmier traitées

Paraffin/ Expanded Perlite/Plaster as Thermal Energy Storage Composite

The use of thermal energy storage composite materials allows passive cooling and heating in buildings, yielding substantial energy savings. The purpose of this study is to develop and test a new phase change material (PCM) composite by loading expanded perlite (EP) with paraffin (RT27) to form plaster composites. The leakage tests allowed to unfold the optimal RT27 loading rate. To avoid paraffin leakage out of the composite structure, a waterproof product, Sikalatex® (SL), was used to coat the RT27/EP composite before mixing it with plaster. Thermal properties of RT27/EP/SL integrated in plaster were assessed. The effect of aluminum powder insertion on enhancing the composite thermal properties, was investigated. Paraffin loading rate was 60% by direct impregnation. FTIR analyses proved that the produced composites showed a good chemical compatibility between different components. DSC analyses revealed that composites have suitable energy storage capacities of 51.57 ± 0.01 and 49.95 ±0.15 kJ.kg-1 for RT27/EP/SL and RT/EP/SL/Al, respectively. These composites are suitable for indoor temperature regulation. Thermal cycling tests showed a good thermal stability of plaster PCM composite. Thermal conductivity of plaster composite containing 50% wt of RT27/EP/SL/Al composite was increased by 80% and 68% at 12°C and 40°C respectively compared with the aluminum free composite.

Par |2020-07-16T10:08:45+00:00juillet 16th, 2020|Articles dans revues internationales à comité de lecture|Commentaires fermés sur Paraffin/ Expanded Perlite/Plaster as Thermal Energy Storage Composite