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Dujardin N., Salem T., Feuillet V., Fois M., Ibos L., Poilane C., Manuel R. (2020), Measurement of pore size distribution of building materials by thermal method, Construction and Building Materials, vol. 245, 2020, 118417 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.118417
The present work focuses on the study of the thermophysical properties of low porous insulation materials. In peculiar, we investigate the pore structure of composite materials and cements by thermal method. This method, adapted for fragile materials, is based on an existing model which allows the determination of pore size distribution. Firstly, the existing analytical model is presented. The thermal conductivity is modeled by assimilating the studied medium to N fluid phases and one solid phase in series / parallel. Secondly, some extensions to this model are proposed. In particular, we show that in the case of a single pore size, it is possible to obtain a finer pore size distribution by means of a normal law. We also show for the first time that the normalization of the thermal conductivity is an interesting way to study the pore size distribution of a material without knowing the overall porosity rate (which strongly depends on the method used). Furthermore, this model and its extensions have been successfully applied to different kinds of materials (plant fiber composites and cements). Fibers reinforced composites have one class of pores around 30 – 60 lm. Chemical treatments do not affect this pore size. Cements show a macroporosity (around 20 lm) which is often underestimated.